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History

Athens's mythological history began when the Olympian gods got in a tug-of-war over who would be the Attic city's patron and namesake. They decided that whoever gave it the best gift would earn the city. Poseidon struck the Acropolis with hi trident, and a sea water gushed forth from a well. But Athena's wiser gift, an olive tree, won the city's lasting admiration and worship. Rising to political power a early as the 16th century BC, Athens was united as a polis, or city-state, by the hero Theseus (onetime slayer of the Minotaur). By the 8th century, it had become the artistic center of Greece ; initial fame for geometric pottery foreshadowed a shining future.

Two centuries later, law-giver and poet Solon ended the servitude of native citizens and restored rights to some slaves. Maybe his most important contribution to Athenian government was his codification of the laws, thereby providing the grounding needed for a successful democracy: an informed populace able to take part in ruling. After victories over the Persians at Marathon and Salamis in the 5th century BC, Athens experienced a 70-year Golden Age under the democracy of Pericles, the era that produced the Parthenon; the masterpiece tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides; and Aristophanes's ribald comedies.

Pericles's Athens fell apart during the bloody, drawn-out Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC) against Sparta . Political power shifted north under Philip of Macedon and his son Alexander the Great, but Athens remained a cultural center throughout the 5th and 4th centuries BC. In this period, Athens produced three of the most influential philosophers in western history-Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle-as well as the orator Demosthenes. By the 2nd century AD, the Roman Empire ruled the city. In AD 324, Emperor Constantine moved the capital of the Roman Empire to Byzantium , ignoring Athens , now an overtaxed backwater. It remained the center of Greek education, but its status (and buildings) lapsed into ruin when the emperor .Justinian banned the teaching of philosophy in 529.

Around AD 1000, Byzantine emperor Basil II visited Athens . After praying to the Virgin Mary in the Parthenon, Basil ordered craftsmen to restore Athens to its former glory. The city was reborn again and again under successive conquerors the Franks in 1205, the Catalans in 1311, the Accajioli merchant family in 1387, and the Ottomans, whose 400-year rule began in 1456. In 1821, Greek independence brought further waves of renovation and restoration, as well as a spirit of nationalism. Modem Athens 's plateias, wide boulevards, and National Garden follow the plan of architects hired by Greece 's first king, the German prince Otto.


 

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 B4B Athens Signature Hotel
Centrally located in Athens, just a 6-minute walk from the Acropolis Museum, the brand new B4B Athens Signature Hotel, owned by B for Boutique Hotels, features an on-site bar. more...
 Minoa Athens Hotel
With a prime location only 164 feet from the Metaxourgeio metro station, Hotel Minoa is within walking distance of the Acropolis and Athens’s archaeological sites. more...
 Athenaeum Eridanus Luxury Hotel
Located in the heart of Athens, Atheneum Eridanus Luxury Hotel features classically decorated rooms with marble bathrooms. It offers a buffet breakfast. more...
 Electra Hotel Athens
Boasting one of the most central locations in Athens, Electra Hotel Athens is next to Syntagma Square. A 5-minute walk through charming Plaka takes you to the Acropolis. more...
 Mansion Hotel
Located in Athens, within a 3-minute walk from Omonoia Metro Station, Mansion Hotel has a 24-hour front desk and offers rooms with free WiFi access. more...
 Dorian Inn
Centrally located in Athens, Dorian Inn is a 2-minute walk from Omonia Metro Station. From its top-floor pool and restaurant, guests can enjoy views of the Acropolis and the Saronic islands. more...
 Ermou Fashion Suites by Living-Space
Located in Athens, near Monastiraki Square, Roman Agora and Parthenon, Ermou Fashion Suites by Living-Space features free WiFi. Some units also have a kitchenette equipped with a fridge. more...
 Cozy studio downtown Athens/Kolonaki
Cozy studio downtown Athens/Kolonaki offers accommodations in Athens, 1312 feet from Dexameni Square and 1640 feet from Kolonaki Square. more...
 Omiros Hotel
The fully refurbished Hotel Omiros enjoys a central location in Athens, only a few minutes’ walk from Syntagma Square and the new Acropolis Museum. more...
 Artistic Designer Flat
Located in Athens, an 8-minute walk from Museum of Cycladic Art and 0.6 miles from Panathenaic Stadium, Artistic Designer Flat provides accommodations with amenities such as free WiFi and a more...
 Elegant apartment at PLAKA historical centre
Elegant apartment at PLAKA historical centre is a self-catering property located in Athens near Anafiotika. more...
 Plues 43 suites Athens / A
Plues 43 suites Athens / A is located in Athens, a 3-minute walk from Lycabettus Hill, 500 yards from Museum of Cycladic Art, as well as a 10-minute walk from Athens Music Hall. more...
 Martin's Akropolis Studio
Martin's Akropolis Studio is located in Athens. The property has free WiFi. The apartment also features a bathroom. more...
 Cozy studio next to Acropolis Hill
Cozy studio next to Acropolis Hill is a property located in Athens, a 5-minute walk from Filopappos Hill and 0.4 miles from Onassis Cultural Centre. Complimentary WiFi is available. more...
 Apartment Lia III- lux and budget
Apartment Lia III- lux and budget offers accommodations in Athens, a 13-minute walk from National Archaeological Museum of Athens and 0.9 miles from National Theatre of Greece. more...
 Freedom Home- Ιδανικό για ζευγάρια
Freedom Home- Ιδανικό για ζευγάρια in Athens has accommodations with free WiFi, 2.1 miles from National Archaeological Museum of Athens. The property is 2.4 miles from National Theatre of Greece. more...
 The Island
The Island is a self-catering property located in Athens near National Archaeological Museum of Athens. Free WiFi is provided. The apartment consists of 1 bathroom and a living room. more...
 ACE-Athens Center Experience
ACE-Athens Center Experience, a property with a terrace, is located in Athens, a 6-minute walk from Acropolis Museum, 700 yards from Filopappos Hill, as well as a 7-minute walk from Odeum of Herodes more...
 Nice flat next to Metaxourghio metro station
Nice flat next to Metaxourghio metro station is a property located in Athens, a 3-minute walk from National Theatre of Greece and 500 yards from Omonia Square. more...
 Luminous, cozy flat 3 min to Panormou Metro
A terrace is provided in-house at Luminous, cozy flat 3 min to Panormou Metro, which is located in Athens, just a 17-minute walk away from Athens Music Hall and 1.2 miles away from Lycabettus Hill. more...
 Down Town Modern Apartment
Located in Athens, just 1.4 miles from Athens Music Hall, Down Town Modern Apartment has accommodations with free WiFi. This property is 1.6 miles from National Technical University - Zografou Campus . more...
 Demeter's Apartment
Demeter's Apartment is located in Athens and offers a terrace. This property is a 7-minute walk from Olympic Stadium - O.A.K.A. The apartment consists of 1 bathroom and a living room. more...
 Top of the city Central studio with Acropolis View
Top of the city Central studio with Acropolis View offers accommodations in Athens, a 7-minute walk from National Archaeological Museum of Athens. more...
 Unique Luxury House
Unique Luxury House is located in Athens, 1.5 miles from National Technical University - Zografou Campus, 2.2 miles from National and Kapodistrian University of Athens - Panepistimioupoli, and 2.5 more...
 Entire Flat for 5 Guest - SINTAGMA SQUARE
Entire Flat for 5 Guest - SINTAGMA SQUARE offers accommodations in Athens, a few steps from Ermou Street and a 4-minute walk from Syntagma Square. This property has free WiFi. more...




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