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Athens's mythological history began when the Olympian gods got in a tug-of-war over who would be the Attic city's patron and namesake. They decided that whoever gave it the best gift would earn the city. Poseidon struck the Acropolis with hi trident, and a sea water gushed forth from a well. But Athena's wiser gift, an olive tree, won the city's lasting admiration and worship. Rising to political power a early as the 16th century BC, Athens was united as a polis, or city-state, by the hero Theseus (onetime slayer of the Minotaur). By the 8th century, it had become the artistic center of Greece ; initial fame for geometric pottery foreshadowed a shining future.

Two centuries later, law-giver and poet Solon ended the servitude of native citizens and restored rights to some slaves. Maybe his most important contribution to Athenian government was his codification of the laws, thereby providing the grounding needed for a successful democracy: an informed populace able to take part in ruling. After victories over the Persians at Marathon and Salamis in the 5th century BC, Athens experienced a 70-year Golden Age under the democracy of Pericles, the era that produced the Parthenon; the masterpiece tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides; and Aristophanes's ribald comedies.

Pericles's Athens fell apart during the bloody, drawn-out Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC) against Sparta . Political power shifted north under Philip of Macedon and his son Alexander the Great, but Athens remained a cultural center throughout the 5th and 4th centuries BC. In this period, Athens produced three of the most influential philosophers in western history-Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle-as well as the orator Demosthenes. By the 2nd century AD, the Roman Empire ruled the city. In AD 324, Emperor Constantine moved the capital of the Roman Empire to Byzantium , ignoring Athens , now an overtaxed backwater. It remained the center of Greek education, but its status (and buildings) lapsed into ruin when the emperor .Justinian banned the teaching of philosophy in 529.

Around AD 1000, Byzantine emperor Basil II visited Athens . After praying to the Virgin Mary in the Parthenon, Basil ordered craftsmen to restore Athens to its former glory. The city was reborn again and again under successive conquerors the Franks in 1205, the Catalans in 1311, the Accajioli merchant family in 1387, and the Ottomans, whose 400-year rule began in 1456. In 1821, Greek independence brought further waves of renovation and restoration, as well as a spirit of nationalism. Modem Athens 's plateias, wide boulevards, and National Garden follow the plan of architects hired by Greece 's first king, the German prince Otto.


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 The Stanley
The Stanley, Athens
Conveniently located 1969 feet from Athens city center and just steps from Metaxourgeio Metro Station, Stanley Hotel features a rooftop pool, 2 restaurants and 3 bars, including an open-air bar on the more...
 Acropolis foothill
Acropolis foothill, Athens
Located in the Athens City Centre of Athens, within 500 yards of Adrianou Street, Acropolis foothill offers accommodations with free WiFi. This property has a balcony. more...
 Breathtaking View Studio!
Breathtaking View Studio!, Athens
Located 70 yards from Ermou Street in Athens, Breathtaking View Studio! offers accommodations with a kitchen. more...
 Lycabettus Exclusive Apartments
Lycabettus Exclusive Apartments, Athens
Located 0.4 miles from Benaki Museum in Athens, Lycabettus Exclusive Apartments provides accommodations with air conditioning and free WiFi. more...
 Central Park Apartment
Central Park Apartment, Athens
Located in Athens, just a 9-minute walk from National Archaeological Museum of Athens, Central Park Apartment offers accommodations with free WiFi. Guests benefit from a balcony and a terrace. more...
 Fairytale view of Lycabettus
Fairytale view of Lycabettus, Athens
Fairytale view of Lycabettus is located in Athens. The property is less than 1 km from Panathenaic Stadium. more...
 House 6,Lux Apartment in the Heart of Athens
House 6,Lux Apartment in the Heart of Athens, Athens
Offering free WiFi, House 6, Lux Apartment in the Heart of Athens is located in the Athens City Centre of Athens within 0.4 miles of Adrianou Street and less than 1 km from Monastiraki Square. more...
 145 м2 Seaside Appartment
145 м2 Seaside Appartment, Athens
Featuring a terrace and a 24-hour front desk, 145 м2 Seaside Appartment is in a prime location in Glyfada of Athens, 1.9 miles from Glyfada marina and 2.2 miles from Glyfada beach. more...
 Artistic Deco Apartment
Artistic Deco Apartment, Athens
Located in Athens, within half a mile of Zappion - National Garden, Artistic Deco Apartment offers accommodations with air conditioning. more...
 Sugar Houses
Sugar Houses, Athens
Located in Athens, Sugar Houses has free WiFi, less than 1 km from National Theatre of Greece. more...
 Lilly's House in Plaka
Lilly's House in Plaka, Athens
Located in Athens, 300 yards from Anafiotika and 500 yards from Acropolis, Lilly's House in Plaka offers free WiFi and air conditioning. Guests have a private terrace. more...
 Studio in The Heart of Acropolis
Studio in The Heart of Acropolis, Athens
Located in the Athens City Centre of Athens, 90 yards from Adrianou Street and 400 yards from Roman Agora, Studio in The Heart of Acropolis offers free WiFi. more...
 Artemis Apartment @ Plaka
Artemis Apartment @ Plaka, Athens
Located 200 yards from Adrianou Street, Artemis Apartment @ Plaka offers accommodations with a kitchenette in Athens. This apartment is 600 yards from Roman Agora. more...
 Urban Loft With Balcony Across The Acropolis
Urban Loft With Balcony Across The Acropolis, Athens
Urban Loft With Balcony Across The Acropolis is located in the Athens City Centre district of Athens, 70 yards from Ermou Street, 100 yards from Monastiraki Square and 200 yards from Monastiraki Flea more...
 Athens Tower Boutique Apartment
Athens Tower Boutique Apartment, Athens
Athens Tower Boutique Apartment is located in Athens. Guests staying at this apartment can use the free WiFi. With 1 bedroom, this apartment has a balcony, a living room and a flat-screen TV. more...


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