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Athens's mythological history began when the Olympian gods got in a tug-of-war over who would be the Attic city's patron and namesake. They decided that whoever gave it the best gift would earn the city. Poseidon struck the Acropolis with hi trident, and a sea water gushed forth from a well. But Athena's wiser gift, an olive tree, won the city's lasting admiration and worship. Rising to political power a early as the 16th century BC, Athens was united as a polis, or city-state, by the hero Theseus (onetime slayer of the Minotaur). By the 8th century, it had become the artistic center of Greece ; initial fame for geometric pottery foreshadowed a shining future.

Two centuries later, law-giver and poet Solon ended the servitude of native citizens and restored rights to some slaves. Maybe his most important contribution to Athenian government was his codification of the laws, thereby providing the grounding needed for a successful democracy: an informed populace able to take part in ruling. After victories over the Persians at Marathon and Salamis in the 5th century BC, Athens experienced a 70-year Golden Age under the democracy of Pericles, the era that produced the Parthenon; the masterpiece tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides; and Aristophanes's ribald comedies.

Pericles's Athens fell apart during the bloody, drawn-out Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC) against Sparta . Political power shifted north under Philip of Macedon and his son Alexander the Great, but Athens remained a cultural center throughout the 5th and 4th centuries BC. In this period, Athens produced three of the most influential philosophers in western history-Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle-as well as the orator Demosthenes. By the 2nd century AD, the Roman Empire ruled the city. In AD 324, Emperor Constantine moved the capital of the Roman Empire to Byzantium , ignoring Athens , now an overtaxed backwater. It remained the center of Greek education, but its status (and buildings) lapsed into ruin when the emperor .Justinian banned the teaching of philosophy in 529.

Around AD 1000, Byzantine emperor Basil II visited Athens . After praying to the Virgin Mary in the Parthenon, Basil ordered craftsmen to restore Athens to its former glory. The city was reborn again and again under successive conquerors the Franks in 1205, the Catalans in 1311, the Accajioli merchant family in 1387, and the Ottomans, whose 400-year rule began in 1456. In 1821, Greek independence brought further waves of renovation and restoration, as well as a spirit of nationalism. Modem Athens 's plateias, wide boulevards, and National Garden follow the plan of architects hired by Greece 's first king, the German prince Otto.


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 The Stanley
The Stanley, Athens
Conveniently located 1969 feet from Athens city center and just steps from Metaxourgeio Metro Station, Stanley Hotel features a rooftop pool, 2 restaurants and 2 bars, including an open-air bar on the more...
 Absolute Athens VI
Absolute Athens VI, Athens
Absolute Athens VI is a self-catering property located in Athens near Acropolis Museum. Guests staying at this apartment can use the free WiFi and terrace. more...
 Absolute Athens VII
Absolute Athens VII, Athens
Featuring a terrace, Absolute Athens VII is well set in Athens City Centre of Athens, half a mile from Acropolis Museum and less than 1 km from Odeum of Herodes Atticus. more...
 Athens Penthouse Suite
Athens Penthouse Suite, Athens
Athens Penthouse Suite offers accommodations in Athens, 0.9 mi from Lycabettus Hill. The apartment is 0.9 mi from Athens Music Hall. more...
 The Parliament Studio
The Parliament Studio, Athens
Centrally set in Kolonaki, this elegant apartment features a separate bedroom, a marble bathroom and a kitchenette. The apartment is fitted with wooden herringbone floors and features high ceilings. more...
 Newly Renovated Apt in Kolonaki
Newly Renovated Apt in Kolonaki, Athens
Located 80 yards from Dexameni Square, Newly Renovated Apt in Kolonaki offers accommodations with a kitchen in Athens. The Lycabettus Hill is within 0.4 miles of the apartment. more...
 Grand Hyatt Athens
Grand Hyatt Athens, Athens
Grand Hyatt Athens, opened in August 2018, features a rooftop, seasonal pool and bar with stunning views over the Acropolis. more...
 Beach Front Beautiful Sea Views Home 120m2
Beach Front Beautiful Sea Views Home 120m2, Athens
Beach Front Beautiful Sea Views Home 120m2 is located in the Alimos district of Athens, 2.4 miles from Alimos Marina, 2.8 miles from Flisvos Marina and 3.6 miles from Stavros Niarchos Foundation more...
 New Suite Apartment Athens
New Suite Apartment Athens, Athens
Set in Athens, this air-conditioned apartment features free WiFi and a balcony. New Suite Apartment Athens features views of the garden and is 984 feet from Panathenaic Stadium. more...
 Acropolis Koukaki Newly Renovated 55sq.m Apartment
Acropolis Koukaki Newly Renovated 55sq.m Apartment, Athens
Acropolis Koukaki Newly Renovated 55sq.m Apartment is located in Athens, 700 yards from Odeum of Herodes Atticus, half a mile from Acropolis Museum, and 0.7 miles from Filopappos Hill. more...
 The New Chic Apt next to Kallimarmaro Stadium
The New Chic Apt next to Kallimarmaro Stadium, Athens
Located in Athens, 400 yards from Zappeion Conference & Exhibition Centre, The New Chic Apt next to Kallimarmaro Stadium provides a living room with a flat-screen TV, and free WiFi. more...
 The Gallery Apartment
The Gallery Apartment, Athens
The Gallery Apartment is located in the Neos Kosmos district of Athens, 0.7 miles from Onassis Cultural Centre, 0.8 miles from Acropolis Museum and 0.9 miles from Temple of Olympion Zeus. more...
 Athens City Themis 2
Athens City Themis 2, Athens
Featuring city views, Athens City Themis 2 is located around less than 1 km from National Archaeological Museum of Athens. more...
 Stylish and cozy house in Athens, Plaka
Stylish and cozy house in Athens, Plaka, Athens
Located in the Athens City Centre district in Athens, Stylish and cozy house in Athens, Plaka provides accommodations with an terrace and free WiFi. more...
 Olala Syntagma Apartments
Olala Syntagma Apartments, Athens
Olala Syntagma Apartments is located in the Athens City Centre district of Athens, less than 1 km from Syntagma Square and a 14-minute walk from Zappion - National Garden. Free WiFi is featured. more...


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