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History

Athens's mythological history began when the Olympian gods got in a tug-of-war over who would be the Attic city's patron and namesake. They decided that whoever gave it the best gift would earn the city. Poseidon struck the Acropolis with hi trident, and a sea water gushed forth from a well. But Athena's wiser gift, an olive tree, won the city's lasting admiration and worship. Rising to political power a early as the 16th century BC, Athens was united as a polis, or city-state, by the hero Theseus (onetime slayer of the Minotaur). By the 8th century, it had become the artistic center of Greece ; initial fame for geometric pottery foreshadowed a shining future.

Two centuries later, law-giver and poet Solon ended the servitude of native citizens and restored rights to some slaves. Maybe his most important contribution to Athenian government was his codification of the laws, thereby providing the grounding needed for a successful democracy: an informed populace able to take part in ruling. After victories over the Persians at Marathon and Salamis in the 5th century BC, Athens experienced a 70-year Golden Age under the democracy of Pericles, the era that produced the Parthenon; the masterpiece tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides; and Aristophanes's ribald comedies.

Pericles's Athens fell apart during the bloody, drawn-out Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC) against Sparta . Political power shifted north under Philip of Macedon and his son Alexander the Great, but Athens remained a cultural center throughout the 5th and 4th centuries BC. In this period, Athens produced three of the most influential philosophers in western history-Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle-as well as the orator Demosthenes. By the 2nd century AD, the Roman Empire ruled the city. In AD 324, Emperor Constantine moved the capital of the Roman Empire to Byzantium , ignoring Athens , now an overtaxed backwater. It remained the center of Greek education, but its status (and buildings) lapsed into ruin when the emperor .Justinian banned the teaching of philosophy in 529.

Around AD 1000, Byzantine emperor Basil II visited Athens . After praying to the Virgin Mary in the Parthenon, Basil ordered craftsmen to restore Athens to its former glory. The city was reborn again and again under successive conquerors the Franks in 1205, the Catalans in 1311, the Accajioli merchant family in 1387, and the Ottomans, whose 400-year rule began in 1456. In 1821, Greek independence brought further waves of renovation and restoration, as well as a spirit of nationalism. Modem Athens 's plateias, wide boulevards, and National Garden follow the plan of architects hired by Greece 's first king, the German prince Otto.


 

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 President Hotel
President Hotel, Athens
Located in the heart of Athens and 1640 feet from Panormou Metro Station, President Hotel offers comfortable accommodations and a beautiful rooftop terrace with a seasonal swimming pool. more...
 Electra Metropolis
Electra Metropolis, Athens
Located in the heart of Athens, just 656 feet from Syntagma Square, the modern Electra Metropolis features a small, rooftop pool with waterfall effect, and a sun terrace with views over the city. more...
 Best of Athens Apartment
Best of Athens Apartment, Athens
Located in Athens, 200 yards from Syntagma Square and a 2-minute walk from Zappion - National Garden, Best of Athens Apartment offers free WiFi and air conditioning. more...
 360Degrees Pop Art Hotel
360Degrees Pop Art Hotel, Athens
Located in the heart of Athens, 360Degrees Pop Art Hotel offers modern accommodations with free WiFi access just steps from Ermou Street. more...
 Hotel Lozenge
Hotel Lozenge, Athens
Set in the high-end Kolonaki area of Athens, just steps from designer's shops, Hotel Lozenge offers rooms and suites with free WiFi access. more...
 Sofitel Athens Airport
Sofitel Athens Airport, Athens
The 5-star Sofitel Athens is conveniently located 50 metres from Athens International Airport. It offers 2 restaurants, a spa and an indoor heated pool with views over the airport. more...
 Divani Palace Acropolis
Divani Palace Acropolis, Athens
Featuring breathtaking views of the Acropolis from its rooftop terrace, Divani Palace Acropolis offers elegant rooms. It is walking distance from the new Acropolis museum and Herodion theater. more...
 Divani Apollon Palace & Thalasso
Divani Apollon Palace & Thalasso, Athens
A 25-minute drive south from downtown Athens, the 7-floor Divani Apollon Palace & Thalasso has a spa centered on thalassotherapy. Guests enjoy 3 pools, and a private beach on the Athenian Riviera. more...
 The Athens Gate Hotel
The Athens Gate Hotel, Athens
This hotel has a prestigious location in the historic heart of Athens. It offers 4-star facilities, excellent views of the Acropolis and Temple of Olympian Zeus, and fine cuisine. more...
 Electra Hotel Athens
Electra Hotel Athens, Athens
Boasting one of the most central locations in Athens, Electra Hotel Athens is next to Syntagma Square. A 5-minute walk through charming Plaka takes you to the Acropolis. more...
 Adrian Hotel
Adrian Hotel, Athens
Located right under the Acropolis hill, Adrian Hotel is ideally located near all major Athens attractions. Rooms are elegantly decorated and feature private balconies. more...
 BED in Athens
BED in Athens, Athens
Located in the Athens City Centre district of Athens, BED in Athens provides a terrace. more...
 Elaia Luxury Apartments Glyfada
Elaia Luxury Apartments Glyfada, Athens
Located in Athens, Elaia Luxury Apartments Glyfada provides accommodations with free WiFi, a seating area, a flat-screen TV and a kitchen. more...
 Thiseio 1915
Thiseio 1915, Athens
Offering a terrace, Thiseio 1915 is located in the Athens City Centre district of Athens, 200 yards from Ancient Agora of Athens. Complimentary WiFi is featured. more...
 Auntie’s Home
Auntie’s Home, Athens
Located in the heart of Athens, Auntie’s Home has well-equipped accommodations featuring free WiFi, 90 yards from Adrianou Street. more...




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