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History

Athens's mythological history began when the Olympian gods got in a tug-of-war over who would be the Attic city's patron and namesake. They decided that whoever gave it the best gift would earn the city. Poseidon struck the Acropolis with hi trident, and a sea water gushed forth from a well. But Athena's wiser gift, an olive tree, won the city's lasting admiration and worship. Rising to political power a early as the 16th century BC, Athens was united as a polis, or city-state, by the hero Theseus (onetime slayer of the Minotaur). By the 8th century, it had become the artistic center of Greece ; initial fame for geometric pottery foreshadowed a shining future.

Two centuries later, law-giver and poet Solon ended the servitude of native citizens and restored rights to some slaves. Maybe his most important contribution to Athenian government was his codification of the laws, thereby providing the grounding needed for a successful democracy: an informed populace able to take part in ruling. After victories over the Persians at Marathon and Salamis in the 5th century BC, Athens experienced a 70-year Golden Age under the democracy of Pericles, the era that produced the Parthenon; the masterpiece tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides; and Aristophanes's ribald comedies.

Pericles's Athens fell apart during the bloody, drawn-out Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC) against Sparta . Political power shifted north under Philip of Macedon and his son Alexander the Great, but Athens remained a cultural center throughout the 5th and 4th centuries BC. In this period, Athens produced three of the most influential philosophers in western history-Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle-as well as the orator Demosthenes. By the 2nd century AD, the Roman Empire ruled the city. In AD 324, Emperor Constantine moved the capital of the Roman Empire to Byzantium , ignoring Athens , now an overtaxed backwater. It remained the center of Greek education, but its status (and buildings) lapsed into ruin when the emperor .Justinian banned the teaching of philosophy in 529.

Around AD 1000, Byzantine emperor Basil II visited Athens . After praying to the Virgin Mary in the Parthenon, Basil ordered craftsmen to restore Athens to its former glory. The city was reborn again and again under successive conquerors the Franks in 1205, the Catalans in 1311, the Accajioli merchant family in 1387, and the Ottomans, whose 400-year rule began in 1456. In 1821, Greek independence brought further waves of renovation and restoration, as well as a spirit of nationalism. Modem Athens 's plateias, wide boulevards, and National Garden follow the plan of architects hired by Greece 's first king, the German prince Otto.


 

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 The Stanley
The Stanley, Athens
Conveniently located 600 metres from Athens city centre and just steps from Metaxourgeio Metro Station, Stanley Hotel features a rooftop pool, 2 restaurants and 3 bars, including an open-air bar on more...
 Alexander's Penthouse
Alexander's Penthouse, Athens
Located in the heart of Athens, this air-conditioned penthouse boasts unique views of the Parthenon, the Temple of Zeus and Mount Lycabettus from its spacious terrace. more...
 Auntie’s Home
Auntie’s Home, Athens
Located in the heart of Athens, Auntie’s Home has well-equipped accommodations featuring free WiFi, 90 yards from Adrianou Street. more...
 Cozy house a breath away fromAcropolis/metro
Cozy house a breath away fromAcropolis/metro, Athens
Cozy house a breath away fromAcropolis/metro offers accommodations in Athens, 300 yards from Ancient Agora of Athens. more...
 Thiseio 1915
Thiseio 1915, Athens
Offering a terrace, Thiseio 1915 is located in the Athens City Centre district of Athens, 200 yards from Ancient Agora of Athens. Complimentary WiFi is featured. more...
 konstantinasluxuryapartment
konstantinasluxuryapartment, Athens
Located in the Athens City Centre district of Athens, just a 2-minute walk from Acropolis Museum, konstantinasluxuryapartment has air conditioning and free WiFi. more...
 Artdecoathens
Artdecoathens, Athens
Artdecoathens in Athens provides accommodations with free WiFi, 200 yards from Ermou Street Shopping Area. Guests staying at this apartment can use the fully equipped kitchen. more...
 Athens Mosaico Suites & Apartments
Athens Mosaico Suites & Apartments, Athens
Featuring a rooftop swimming pool with views over the Acropolis, Athens Mosaico Suites & Apartments is centrally located in Athens, just 50 metres from Metaxourgio Metro Station. more...
 Frixos Acropolis Luxury Apartment
Frixos Acropolis Luxury Apartment, Athens
Offering free WiFi and city views, Frixos Acropolis Luxury Apartment is a property located in Athens. The property is a 1-minute walk from Acropolis Museum. more...
 Acropolis Elegant Penthouse
Acropolis Elegant Penthouse, Athens
Located on the 5th floor of a neoclassical building with wood parquet floors, Acropolis Elegant Penthouse offers self-catering accommodation in the centre of Athens, 200 metres from Temple of Olympion more...
 360Degrees Pop Art Hotel
360Degrees Pop Art Hotel, Athens
Located in the heart of Athens, 360Degrees Pop Art Hotel offers modern accommodation with free WiFi access just steps from Ermou Street. more...
 Acropolis View Deluxe Penthouse
Acropolis View Deluxe Penthouse, Athens
Situated right across from Acropolis Museum in Athens, the air-conditioned apartments feature a terrace. more...
 Hidesign Athens Acropolis Penthouse In Plaka
Hidesign Athens Acropolis Penthouse In Plaka, Athens
Featuring city views, Hidesign Athens Acropolis Penthouse In Plaka is located around 200 yards from Adrianou Street. Guests staying at this apartment can use the fully equipped kitchen. more...
 Central Lux Apt Kolonaki
Central Lux Apt Kolonaki, Athens
Central Lux Apt Kolonaki is located in Athens, 400 yards from Syntagma Square, 400 yards from Kolonaki Square, and a 5-minute walk from Benaki Museum. more...
 Architect Designed Apartment!
Architect Designed Apartment!, Athens
Located right in the center of Athens, 300 yards from Temple of Olympion Zeus and 400 yards from Zappeion Conference & Exhibition Centre, Architect Designed Apartment! more...




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