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History

Athens's mythological history began when the Olympian gods got in a tug-of-war over who would be the Attic city's patron and namesake. They decided that whoever gave it the best gift would earn the city. Poseidon struck the Acropolis with hi trident, and a sea water gushed forth from a well. But Athena's wiser gift, an olive tree, won the city's lasting admiration and worship. Rising to political power a early as the 16th century BC, Athens was united as a polis, or city-state, by the hero Theseus (onetime slayer of the Minotaur). By the 8th century, it had become the artistic center of Greece ; initial fame for geometric pottery foreshadowed a shining future.

Two centuries later, law-giver and poet Solon ended the servitude of native citizens and restored rights to some slaves. Maybe his most important contribution to Athenian government was his codification of the laws, thereby providing the grounding needed for a successful democracy: an informed populace able to take part in ruling. After victories over the Persians at Marathon and Salamis in the 5th century BC, Athens experienced a 70-year Golden Age under the democracy of Pericles, the era that produced the Parthenon; the masterpiece tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides; and Aristophanes's ribald comedies.

Pericles's Athens fell apart during the bloody, drawn-out Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC) against Sparta . Political power shifted north under Philip of Macedon and his son Alexander the Great, but Athens remained a cultural center throughout the 5th and 4th centuries BC. In this period, Athens produced three of the most influential philosophers in western history-Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle-as well as the orator Demosthenes. By the 2nd century AD, the Roman Empire ruled the city. In AD 324, Emperor Constantine moved the capital of the Roman Empire to Byzantium , ignoring Athens , now an overtaxed backwater. It remained the center of Greek education, but its status (and buildings) lapsed into ruin when the emperor .Justinian banned the teaching of philosophy in 529.

Around AD 1000, Byzantine emperor Basil II visited Athens . After praying to the Virgin Mary in the Parthenon, Basil ordered craftsmen to restore Athens to its former glory. The city was reborn again and again under successive conquerors the Franks in 1205, the Catalans in 1311, the Accajioli merchant family in 1387, and the Ottomans, whose 400-year rule began in 1456. In 1821, Greek independence brought further waves of renovation and restoration, as well as a spirit of nationalism. Modem Athens 's plateias, wide boulevards, and National Garden follow the plan of architects hired by Greece 's first king, the German prince Otto.


 

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 President Hotel
Located in the heart of Athens and 1640 feet from Panormou Metro Station, President Hotel offers comfortable accommodations and a beautiful rooftop terrace with a seasonal swimming pool. more...
 Cozy Apartment by the Acropolis
In the Athens City Centre district of Athens, close to Temple of Hephaestus, Cozy Apartment by the Acropolis features free WiFi and a washing machine. more...
 Elegance in Athens
Located in Athens, a 14-minute walk from Temple of Olympion Zeus and 0.8 miles from Onassis Cultural Centre, Elegance in Athens provides accommodations with amenities such as free WiFi and a more...
 Supreme Luxury Suites by Athens Stay
Located a 15-minute walk from Onassis Cultural Centre, Supreme Luxury Suites by Athens Stay offers a terrace, and accommodations with a balcony and free WiFi. more...
 Acropolis Apartment
Featuring garden views, Acropolis Apartment has accommodations with a patio and an electric tea pot, around an 8-minute walk from Anafiotika. more...
 Home Plus Pathos
Located in Athens, a 5-minute walk from Monastiraki Square and 1.1 miles from Ermou Street, Home Plus Pathos provides accommodations with amenities such as free WiFi and a flat-screen TV. more...
 SKAMAShouse
Featuring garden views, SKAMAShouse provides accommodations with a balcony and an electric tea pot, around 2.7 miles from Glyfada marina. more...
 Luxury apartment with excelent view to Acropolis
Located in Athens, a 4-minute walk from Panathenaic Stadium and 0.6 miles from Museum of Cycladic Art, Luxury apartment with excelent view to Acropolis has accommodations with free WiFi, air more...
 Trikoupi Residence
Trikoupi Residence has city views, free WiFi and free private parking, located in Athens, a 20-minute walk from National Archaeological Museum of Athens. more...
 Premium Homes by Athens Stay
Located an 11-minute walk from National Archaeological Museum of Athens, Premium Homes by Athens Stay offers accommodations with a balcony, as well as a terrace. more...
 Erst Guest House
Featuring a terrace and free WiFi, Erst Guest House is located in the Athens City Centre of Athens, close to Monastiraki Square, Ancient Agora of Athens and National Theatre of Greece. more...
 Azur Suites
Azur Suites is set in the heart of Glyfada, close to several restaurants and shops. All open-plan rooms feature a kitchenette and a private bathroom. more...
 Clio 3BD apt in Athens, next to Sygrou-Fix metro
In the Athens City Centre district of Athens, close to Acropolis Museum, Clio 3BD apt in Athens, next to Sygrou-Fix metro features free WiFi and a washing machine. This property has a balcony. more...
 Homz Studios Neapolis
Featuring air conditioning, Homz Studios Neapolis offers accommodations in Athens. A super market and taverna are set within a 2-minute walk away from the property. All units feature a flat-screen TV . more...
 Wonderful Apartment in central Athens
In the Athens City Centre district of Athens, close to Acropolis Museum, Wonderful Apartment in central Athens features a terrace, free WiFi and a washing machine. This property has a balcony. more...
 ERMOU ART LOFT
Set 328 feet from Monastiraki Square and 984 feet from Ermou Street-Shopping Area, ERMOU ART LOFT in Athens offers air-conditioned accommodations with views of the city and free WiFi. more...
 Beautiful Apartment Near Athens Tower!
In the Athens City Centre district of Athens, close to Athens Music Hall, Beautiful Apartment Near Athens Tower! has free WiFi and a washing machine. With city views, this property has a balcony. more...
 Elia cosy apartments in the Heart of Athens Plaka
In the Athens City Centre district of Athens, close to Roman Agora, Elia cosy apartments in the Heart of Athens Plaka features free WiFi and a washing machine. more...
 Gorgeous & Modern Apartment at Ampelokipi Metro Station
Gorgeous & Modern Apartment at Ampelokipi Metro Station is located in Athens, a 12-minute walk from Athens Music Hall and one mile from Lycabettus Hill, in an area where hiking can be enjoyed. more...
 Three-Bedroom Apartment with Acropolis view
Featuring air conditioning, Three-Bedroom Apartment with Acropolis view offers accommodations in Athens. The accommodations features a spa bath and a large furnished balcony. more...
 Luxury Apartment #2 Acropolis - Koukaki
Located in Athens, a 7-minute walk from Temple of Olympion Zeus, Luxury Apartment #2 Acropolis - Koukaki has accommodations with a terrace, free WiFi and a 24-hour front desk. more...
 Flat in Heart of Historic Athens
In the Athens City Centre district of Athens, close to Temple of Hephaestus, Flat in Heart of Historic Athens has a terrace, free WiFi and a washing machine. more...
 Acropolis' 11
Located in Athens, a 5-minute walk from Acropolis Museum and half a mile from Odeum of Herodes Atticus, Acropolis' 11 provides accommodations with amenities such as free WiFi and a flat-screen TV. more...
 Thiras
Featuring a terrace and a 24-hour front desk, Thiras is well set in Athens, 1.1 miles from National Archaeological Museum of Athens and 1.4 miles from Omonia Square. more...
 Kimon Hotel Athens
Enjoying a privileged location in the popular district of Plaka, Kimon Hotel offers modern and affordable accommodations with free WiFi and rooftop garden with views of the Acropolis. more...




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